BIOLOGICAL RESPONSE APPROACH
Laboratories at three NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service Science Centers conduct experiments to determine how economically and ecologically important species respond to ocean acidification. State of the art experimental facilities were recently completed at the Northwest, Northeast, and Alaska Fisheries Science Centers. All facilities can tightly control carbon dioxide and temperature. The Northwest Fisheries Science Center can also control oxygen, and can create variable treatment conditions for all three parameters. These facilities maintain chemistry analytical laboratories and use standard operating procedures for carbon chemistry analysis to characterize the treatment conditions used in experiments.
Experiments that explore how species survival, growth, and physiology are impacted by ocean acidification give scientists an understanding of how free-living species may respond to ocean acidification. NOAA researchers use these data to explore how aquaculture, wild fisheries, and food webs may change as ocean chemistry changes.
NOAA scientists conduct experiments on a wide variety of species, ranging from phytoplankton to fish.